Michel de Montaigne's Essays (1580)



the Protestant Reformation (1517)


Thomas More's Utopia (1516)


Erasmus of Rotterdam's Praise of Folly (1511)


Humanism in France



the Vitruvian Man (1492)


Conrad Celtes (1487) was named Poet Laureate


François Villon (1462) Le grand testament



Johann Gutenberg (re)invented the printing press (1455)


Pope Nicholas V established the library in the Vatican (1448)


Lorenzo Valla's De Voluptate (1437)


Poggio Bracciolini unearthed Manuscripts of classical writers  (1414)

such as Lucretius, Columella, Silius Italicus, Manilius and Vitruvius


the Ghent Altarpiece (1432)


Leonardo Bruni's History of the Florentine People (14??) has been called the first modern history book.

Bruni was the first historian to write about the three period view of history: Antiquity, Middle Age and Modern



the Renaissance (1420-1630)


Thomas à Kempis' Imitation of Christ (1418)


Humanism in Germany


the Age of Discovery (early 15th century - early 17th century)


rosicrucianism (1407)


the first complete English translation of the Bible (1380's) was finished by John Wycliffe


Renaissance humanism (late 14th century)


Giovanni Boccaccio's Decameron (1353)


Petrarch's Rerum Memorandarum Libri (1342)


Humansim (14th century)