the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648)


the Protestant Union (1608)


the Edict of Nantes (1598)


the Book of Concord (1580)


St. Bartholomew's Day massacre (August 24, 1572)


the Thirty-Nine Articles (1571) are the defining statements of Anglican doctrine


the French wars of Religion (1560-1598)


the Peace of Augsburg (1555)


the Book of Common Prayer (1549)


the Council of Trent (1545-1563)



Calvinism (1536)


the Peasants' war (1524-1526)


Exile at the Wartburg Castle


 the Edict of Worms (May 25, 1521)


Luther Before the Diet of Worms (April 16, 1521)



Martin Luther (October 31, 1517) started the Protestant Reformation by posting his 95 Theses on the door
of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany. The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged
in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. The
humanist revival of the Renaissance in the 15th century in Italy, early 16th century in Northern Europe as well
as the Protestant Reformation mark the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Early Modern period