Karl May's Winnetou (1893)



American Progress by John Gast (1872)


Les Troyens (1863) by Hector Berlioz


Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass (1855)



Herman Melville's Moby-Dick (1851)



the Revolutions of 1848



the February revolution in France (1848)



Walden (1845-1847)


Manifest Destiny


Romantic nationalism


Ralph Waldo Emerson's Nature (1836)


American Transcendentalism


Felix Mendelssohn's Italian Symphony (1833)



Victor Hugo's Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831)


Heinrich Heine left Germany for Paris (1831)



the July Revolution (1830)



Eichendorff's Aus dem Leben eines Taugenichts (1826)



Robert Owen established a communal village based on cooperative ideals (1825) in New Harmony, Indiana



the Leatherstocking Tales (1823-1841)


Henri de Saint-Simon's Du système industriel (1821) helped found socialism



Mary Shelley's Frankenstein (1818)



the Eroica (1805)



François-René de Chateaubriand's Génie du christianisme (1802)


Waltz (1800)


Romanticism (1800-1850) in its artistic, political, philosophical and social aspects was in part

inspired by the revolts against aristocratic social and political norms of the late 18th century,

which found their romantic reenactment for example in the French Revolution of 1830, also known as

the July Revolution. It was a revolt by the middle class against Bourbon King Charles X which forced

him out of office and replaced him with the Orleanist King Louis-Philippe. Romanticism as an artistic

discipline was eventually replaced by naturalism and social realism towards the end of the 19th century


 Friedrich von Schlegel's Athenäum (1798)


Coleridge and Wordsworth' Lyrical Ballads (1798)


Sturm und Drang (1765-1795)