The Fabric of Reality (1997) David Deutsch


the Quantum Hall effect (1980)



Bell's Theorem (1965)


the notion of quarks (1961) evolved out of a classification of hadrons

developed independently by Murray Gell-Mann and Kazuhiko Nishijima


Einstein's Unified field theory (1950)


Quantum electrodynamics (1948)


the correct formulation and proof of the uncertainty relation (1945) between

energy and time were suggested by L. I. Mandelshtam and I. E. Tamm


Schrödinger's cat (1935)


the phrase "quantum physics" was first used in Johnston's Planck's Universe in Light of Modern Physics (1931)


Dirac's Principles of Quantum Mechanics (1930)


Hermitian operators (1929)


quantum field theories (1927)


the Heitler-London theory (1927)


Quantum chemistry (1927)


the Copenhagen interpretation (1927)


the Electron diffraction experiment (1927)


Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle (1927)


Schrödinger's wave equation (1925)


the Pauli exclusion principle (1925)


Matrix mechanics (1925)


modern quantum mechanics


the wave-particle duality of light and matter (1924) was described by Louis de Broglie


the Stern-Gerlach experiment (1920)


the Bohr model of the atom (1913)


the Geiger-Marsden experiment (1909)


Planck's law of black body radiation (1900)



Planck's constant (1900)


classical quantum theory


Maxwell's equations (1864)



Thomas Young's double-slit experiment (1801)