Gazi Yasargil (1925) microneurosurgery


Peter Safar (1924-2003) cardiopulmonary resuscitation


Daniel Bovet (1907-1992)



Ernst Gräfenberg (1881-1957) discovered the G-spot



William Osler (1849-1919) is called the "father of modern medicine"



William Macewen (1848-1924)



Daniel David Palmer (1845-1913) was the founder of chiropractic medicine



Joseph Lister (1827-1912)



Sebastian Kneipp (1821-1897)



William Thomas Green Morton (1819-1868)



Emil du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896)



Johannes Peter Müller (1801-1858)



Marie-Jean-Pierre Flourens (1794-1867)



René Laennec (1781-1826) invented of the stethoscope



Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) creator of homoepathy



Edward Jenner (1749-1823)



James Lind (1716-1794) discovered that citrus fruit is the only effective cure for scurvy



Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694)



Athanasius Kircher (1601-1680)



William Harvey (1578-1657) in his Essay on the Motion of the Heart and

the Blood, proposes that the heart is a muscle that pumps blood throughout the body



Matteo Realdo Colombo (1516-1559) claimed that he was the discoverer of the clitoris



Valerius Cordus (1515-544)



Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) author of the first complete

collection of books on human anatomy, De Humanis Corporis Fabrica



Ambroise Paré (1510-1590)



Paracelsus (1493-1541) the father of toxicology, wrote: "the dose makes the poison"



Guy de Chauliac (1300-1368)



Mondino de Liuzzi (1275-1326) was an Italian surgeon, oversaw the first public, systematic dissection of a corpse in 1315



Hugh and Theodoric of Lucca (13th century) are noted for their use of wine as an antiseptic



Avicenna (980-1037)



Abu Bakr al Razi (854-925)



Galen (129-210)



Pedanius Dioscorides (40-90) is famous for writing a five volume book

"De Materia Medica" that is a precursor to all modern pharmacopeias



Asclepiades of Bithynia (129-40 bc)



Herophilus (335-280 bc)



Alcmaeon of Croton (mid-fifth century bc)



Hippocrates of Cos (460-380 bc) the father of medicine



Empedocles (492-432 bc)



Imhotep (2700 bc)