Sean Fanning (1980) invented p2p with Napster



Adam Cohen (1979) invented the "electrochemical paintbrush"

 nanotechnology used in etching microchips



Jimmy Wales (1966) created Wikipedia together with Larry Sanger



Bill Gates (1955)



Tim Berners-Lee (1955) invented the World Wide Web

and HTML or hypertext markup language



Ward Cunningham (1949) is the American computer programmer who developed the first wiki



Raymond Kurzweil (1948)



Roger E. Billings (1948) designed a way to use hydrogen as a fuel to power a car



Nolan Bushnell (1943) invented the video game Pong and is

perhaps the father of computer entertainment, founder of Atari



Federico Faggin (1941) received a patent for the first computer microprocessor



Stanley Cohen (19??) is the founding father of genetic engineering



James Fergason (1934) invented liquid crystal display or LCD



James T Russell (1931) invented the compact disc


Günter Schwanhäußer (1928)


Lewis Urry (1927-2004) invented both the alkaline battery and lithium battery



Paul MacCready (1925) invented the first human-powered flying machine in history



Douglas Engelbart (1925) invented the computer mouse and the

first graphical user interface software before Microsoft or Apple



John Backus (1924) the first high level computer programming

language, Fortran was written by John Backus and IBM



Stephanie Louise Kwolek (1923) invented para-aramid fibers

(Kevlar), used in mooring ropes, fiber-optic cables, aircraft parts,

canoes and bullet-resistant vests



Jack St Clair Kilby (1923) invented the

 integrated circuit, also known as the microchip



Carl Djerassi (1923)



Gordon Gould (1920) invented the laser


Jack Hopps (1919-1998) invented the artificial pacemaker

 in collaboration with Dr. W.G. Bigelow and Dr. J.C. Callaghan



Konrad Zuse (1910-1995) built the first functional

tape-stored-program-controlled computer, the Z3, in 1941



Masaru Ibuka (1908-1997), Kozo Ohsone (19??) invented the walkman



John Bardeen (1908-1991) received a patent for the transistor



Philo T Farnsworth (1906-1971) conceived the basic operating

principles of electronic television at the age of thirteen



Chester Carlson (1906-1968) invented xerographic printing



René Lacoste (1904-1996) invented the polo shirt



George Stibitz (1904-1995) in 1937 he completed a relay-based

computer the "Model K" which calculated using binary addition



Andrew Alford (1904-1992) invented the localizer

 antenna system for radio navigation systems



John von Neumann (1903-1957) invented the von Neumann

machine whose architecure is the basis for all modern computers



Walt Disney (1901-1966) invented the multiplane camera



Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) invented the neutronic reactor



Dennis Gábor (1900-1979) developed the theory of holography

while working to improve the resolution of an electron microscope



Adi Dassler (1900-1978) invented the soccer cleat shoe



Howard Aiken (1900-1973) worked on the Mark computer series



Russell Ohl (1898-1987) is generally recognized for patenting the modern solar cell



Igor Sikorsky (1889-1972) invented fixed winged and multi-

engined aircraft, transoceanic flying boats and helicopters



Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983) invented the Geodesic Dome



Juan de la Cierva (1895-1936) his most famous accomplishment was

the invention of the Autogiro, the predecessor to the helicopter in 1923



Mary Phelps Jacob (1891-1970) invented the woman's bra



Ole Kirk Christiansen (1891-1958) invented Lego


shampoo (1890)



John Logie Baird (1888-1946) is remembered as the inventor of mechanical

television, and also patented inventions related to radar and fiber optics



Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) discovered Penicillin



Otto Hahn (1879-1968) in 1938 he induced nuclear fission for the first time in history.

Fission is when the nucleus splits into two or more smaller nuclei plus some by-products



Ernest Alexanderson (1878-1975) invented the high-frequency alternator used in radio broadcasts



Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) invented the wireless telegraph


Gleb Kotelnikov (1872-1944) invented the knapsack parachute


Slavoljub Eduard Penkala (1871-1922) invented the ball point pen



Stormy Kromer (1876-1970) inventor of the baseball hat


Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932)



Wilbur Wright (1867-1912) and Orville Wright (1871-1948) received

 a patent for a "flying machine" that we know as the airplane



Reginald Fessenden (1866-1932) is the father of radio broadcasting,

in 1900, Fessenden transmitted the world's first voice message



George Washington Carver (1864-1943) invented three hundred uses for

peanuts and hundreds more uses for soybeans, pecans and sweet potatoes;

and changed the history of agriculture in the south



Henry Ford (1863-1947) improved the "assembly line" for automobile

manufacturing when he installed the world's first moving assembly line

on December 1, 1913. He also received a patent for a transmission

 mechanism, and popularized the gas-powered car with the Model-T



Leo Baekeland (1863-1944) patented a "method of making insoluble 

products of phenol and formaldehyde" which we know today as plastic



Louis Jean (1864-1948), Auguste Lumiere (1862-1954) were the creators of the cinematographic projector



James Naismith (1861-1939) physical education instructor who invented basketball



Herman Hollerith (1860-1929) invented a punch-card

tabulation machine system for statistical computation



Rudolf Diesel (1858-1913) invented the diesel-fueled internal combustion engine


Frank J. Sprague (1857-1934) electric traction



Heinrich Hertz (1857-1894) was the first to demonstrate the production

and detection of Maxwell's waves that lead to the invention of radio



Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) invented an AC motor and transformer, X-Ray technology,

 a vacuum tube amplifier and the Tesla Coil. Nikola Tesla claimed the invention

of an electrical generator that would not "consume any fuel". The Supreme Court

overturned Marconi's radio patent in 1943, in favor of Tesla's patent



Edward Goodrich Acheson (1856-1931) received a patent for carborundum

-the hardest man-made surface and was needed to bring about the industrial age


Oliver Lodge (1851-1940) invented the moving-coil loudspeaker



Emile Berliner (1851-1929) invented the disk gramophone



Karl Braun (1850-1918) electronic television is based on the development of the

cathode ray tube that is the picture tube found in modern television sets. German

scientist, Karl Braun invented the cathode ray tube oscilloscope (CRT) in 1897


Friedrich Soennecken (1848-1918) invented the ring binder



Otto Lilienthal (1848-1896)



Thomas Edison (1847-1931) invented the tin foil phonograph,

worked with lightbulbs, electricity, film and audio devices



Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1869) invented the telephone and the

photophone, a device that enabled sound to be transmitted on a beam of light


Edward H. Johnson (1846-) electric Christmas tree lights



Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845-1923) discovered x-rays



Karl Benz (1844-1929) patented the first crude gas-fueled car


Casimir Zeglen (18??-19??) invented a bullet resistant cloth



Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin (1838-1917) the first guidable rigid airship, aka the Zeppelin



Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904) built the Statue of Liberty



Gottlieb Daimler (1834-1900) invented a gas engine that allowed for a revolution in car design



Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) invented dynamite



Nicolaus August Otto (1832-1891) invented the first practical alternative to the steam

 engine, the "Four-Stroke Internal-Combustion Engine" or gas motor engine in 1876. He 

named his invention the "Otto Cycle Engine". As soon as he had completed his engine,

Otto invented a motorcycle to use it with



Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) built the Eiffel Tower for the Paris World's Fair

of 1889, which honored the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution



Levi Strauss (1829-1902) invented the blue jeans



Sir Sandford Fleming (1827-1915) invented standard time



Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) discovered that most infectious diseases are caused

by germs, known as the "germ theory of disease". Pasteur created inventions

based on fermentation, such as improved brewing methods and pasteurization



Christopher Latham Sholes (1819-1890) invented the QWERTY keyboard of typewriters


Thomas Adams (1818-1905) manufactured the first commercially successful chewing gum



Henry Bessemer (1813-1898) invented the first process for mass-producing steel inexpensively



Elisha Graves Otis (1811-1861) invented a safety device in 1852 that made

elevators much safer by preventing them from falling if the hoisting cable parted


William Robert Grove (1811-1896) developed the fuel cell



Cyrus McCormick (1809-1884)



Hippolyte Pixii (1808-1835)



John Ericsson (1803-1889) invented the ship propeller



Justus von Liebig (1803-1873) invented nitrogen-based fertilizer



Michael Faraday (1791-1867) invented the electric motor



Jesse W Reno (1789-1855) created a new novelty ride

at Coney Island. This lead to the invention of the escalator



Karl Drais (1785-1851) invented the bicycle



Humphry Davy (1778-1829) invented the first electric light



Sir George Cayley (1773-1857)



Alois Senefelder (1771-1834) invented the printing technique of lithography



Richard Trevithick (1771-1833) built the first steam engine tramway locomotive



Jacob Perkins (1766-1849) was a noted inventor of various

 types of machinery including steel engraving plates for bank notes



Nicéphore Niépce (1765-1833)



Eli Whitney (1765-1825) invented the cotton gin, a machine that separates seeds,

hulls and other unwanted materials from cotton after it has been picked. As well

he developed the American System of manufacturing in 1799 and introduced the

assembly line (designed originally to create muskets for the U.S. Government)



Oliver Evans (1755-1819) pioneered the high-pressure steam engine



Joseph Bramah (1748-1814)



Alessandro Volta (1745-1827) invented the voltaic pile, a forerunner to the electric battery



John Fitch (1743-1798) made the first successful trial of a steamboat



Luigi Galvani (1737-1798) demonstrated what we now

understand to be the electrical basis of nerve impulses



Richard Arkwright (1732-1792)



James Hargreaves (1720-1778) invented the spinning jenny



John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792)


Louis François Armand du Plessis, duc de Richelieu (1696-1788) invented mayonnaise

in 1756, to celebrate the Duke's victory over the British at the port of Mahon



John Harrison (1693-1776)



Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686-1736) the German physicist who invented

the alcohol thermometer in 1709 and the mercury thermometer in 1714.

In 1724, he introduced the temperature scale that bears his name



René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (1683-1757) invented

the thermometer scale which bears his name: the Réaumur



John Hadley (1682-1744) the sextant



Thomas Newcomen (1664-1729) steam engine



Dom Pérignon (1639-1715)



Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) invented the pendulum clock



Evangelista Torricelli (1608-1647) invented the barometer



Otto von Guericke (1602-1686) the inventor of the nothing we call a vacuum



Samuel Morse (1576-1654) invented telegraph wires and Morse code, an electronic

alphabet patented in 1840. The first telegraph read, "What hath God wrought!"



Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) invented log books that he used as a tool for

calculating planetary positions, eyeglasses for near and far sighted persons,

 the convex eyepiece, and the quintile and biquintile (astronomy) aspects



Faust Vrančić (1551-1617)



Agostino Ramelli (1531-1600) designed the reading wheel



Ludovico degli Arrighi (1475-1527)



Johannes Gutenberg (1394-1468) best known for the Gutenberg

press, an innovative printing machine that used movable type


Shen Kuo (1031-1095)



Bi Sheng (fl.1040) was the inventor of movable type printing



Cai Lun (50-121) invented paper



Heron of Alexandria (10-70) invented the first steam engine


Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (fl. 70 bc)


Ctesibius (285-222 bc)



Archimedes (287-212 bc) invented the irrigation device known as Archimedes' screw