molecular nanotechnology




smart materials


Computer-aided manufacturing (1971)


CAD programs (1963)


CNC machines (1950s)


Machinery's Handbook (1914)


the wind tunnel (1871) was invented by Frank H. Wenham



the steam engine (1698)


Electrical engineering (1600)


the camshaft (12th century)


the crankshaft (12th century)


the gear wheel


the block and tackle pulley (9th century bc)


the lever


Mechanical engineering


Military engineering



the wheel (4000 bc)




Civil engineering