Napoleon Chagnon (1938) studied the Yanomami people and has written many books on 

the subject, among others one especially successful called Yanomamo: The Fierce People



Jane Goodall (1934) conducted a forty-year study of chimpanzee social and family life,

as director of the Jane Goodall Institute in Gombe Stream National Park in Tanzania



Grover Krantz (1931-2002) devoted his academic career to the study of bigfoot



Ernest Gellner (1925-1995)



Rene Girard (1923)


Eric Wolf (1923-1999)



John Marco Allegro (1923-1988)



Mary Leakey (1913-1996) discovered the first skull of a fossil ape



Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908) became one of the twentieth century's greatest intellectuals

by developing structuralism as a method of understanding human society and culture



Mircea Eliade (1907-1986) is most regarded for his writings on shamanism, yoga and cosmological myths,

his thinking has been greatly influenced by the work of the Traditionalist School founded by René Guénon



Gregory Bateson (1904-1980)



Margaret Mead (1901-1978) author of " Coming of Age in Samoa"



Camilla Hildegarde Wedgwood (1901-1955) is best known for research in the Pacific and her

pioneering role as one of the British Commonwealth's first female anthropologists



Marcel Griaule (1898-1965) did studies with the Dogon of West Africa

 and pioneered ethnographic field studies in France



Raymond Dart (1893-1988) discovered a fossil of Australopithecus at Taung in Northwestern South Africa



Watsuji Tetsuro (1889-1960)



Ruth Benedict (1887-1948)



Bronislaw Malinowski (1884-1942)



Edward Sapir (1884-1939) was an American anthropologist-linguist, a leader in American

structural linguistics and one of the creators of what is now called the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis



Alfred Radcliffe-Brown (1881-1955)



Edvard Alexander Westermarck (1862-1939) is known for first noting the Westermarck effect

in which infants raised together are unable to form sexual feelings for one another as adults, 

regardless of their genetic relationship



James Mooney (1861-1921) lived for several years among the Cherokee,

his most notable work was his ethnographic study of the Ghost Dance



Franz Boas (1858-1942) was the teacher of Margaret Meade



Eugene Dubois (1858-1940) earned world-wide fame with the discovery of Homo erectus in Java



Paul Pierre Broca (1824-1880) discovered the speech center

(now known as the Broca's area or the third circumvolution of the frontal lobe)



Lewis Henry Morgan (1818-1881) is considered to be the "Father of American anthropology,"

although his professional life was in the field of law, he was an amateur scholar best

known for his work on cultural evolution and Native Americans



Johann Jakob Bachofen (1815-1887)



Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767-1835)